新闻动态
热点追踪
  • 主管单位:中华人民共和国农业农村部
    主办单位:中国农业科学院柑桔研究所
    主  编:陈善春
    地  址:重庆市北碚区歇马街道柑桔研究所内
    邮政编码:400712
    电  话:(023)68349196
    电子邮件:nfgs@cric.cn
    国际标准连续出版物号:1007-1431
    国内统一连续出版物号:50-1112/S
    邮发代号:78-13
    定  价:10.00
  • 你是本站第:224
  • 今日访问:0
黄金盟,江一红,郭小强,李海炎,陈传武,刘萍,全金成.不同砧木对‘阳丰’甜柿树体生长及果实品质的影响[J].中国南方果树,2024,53(1):
不同砧木对‘阳丰’甜柿树体生长及果实品质的影响
Effects of different rootstocks on tree growth and fruit quality of ‘Youhou’ PCNA persimmon
投稿时间:2023-02-28  修订日期:2023-04-08
DOI:10.13938/j.issn.1007-1431.20230084
中文关键词:    阳丰  砧木  生长发育  果实品质
英文关键词:Persimmon  Youhou  Rootstock  Development  Fruit quality
基金项目:基金项目:广西农业科技自筹经费项目(Z202086)、广西院厅共建县域特色试验站项目(TS202111)、广西落叶果树水果创新团队建设项目(nycytxgxcxtd-13-03)。
作者单位E-mail
黄金盟 广西特色作物研究院/广西桂北特色经济作物种质创新与利用实验室 hjm4451@126.com 
江一红 广西特色作物研究院/广西桂北特色经济作物种质创新与利用实验室 1953151538@qq.com 
郭小强 广西特色作物研究院/广西桂北特色经济作物种质创新与利用实验室 935451983@qq.com 
李海炎 广西特色作物研究院/广西桂北特色经济作物种质创新与利用实验室 1816868738@qq.com 
陈传武 广西特色作物研究院/广西桂北特色经济作物种质创新与利用实验室 47476996@qq.com 
刘萍 广西特色作物研究院/广西桂北特色经济作物种质创新与利用实验室 315005459@qq.com 
全金成* 广西特色作物研究院/广西桂北特色经济作物种质创新与利用实验室 quanjc@263.net 
摘要点击次数: 382
全文下载次数: 343
中文摘要:
      研究不同砧木对‘阳丰’甜柿树体生长和果实品质的影响,筛选适宜广西低海拔地区‘阳丰’甜柿栽培的优良砧木。分别以君迁子、野柿、‘恭城水柿’(中间砧)为砧木嫁接‘阳丰’甜柿,对各砧穗组合的树体发育、枝类组成、果实品质、着色等进行测定。结果显示,‘阳丰’甜柿用‘恭城水柿’和野柿做砧木树势较旺,一年生枝条中长枝(20~40 cm)分别占比27.24%和47.42%、长枝(>40 cm)分别占比10.82%和14.43%,用君迁子做砧木树势较弱,中短枝(0~20 cm)占比高达79.40%。“阳丰/恭城水柿”的平均单果重(179.36 g)和维生素C含量(58.53 mg.100 mL-1)、可溶性固形物含量(16.84%)显著高于“阳丰/野柿”和“阳丰/君迁子”组合,且“阳丰/恭城水柿”果实成熟期着色更优。‘阳丰’甜柿在广西低海拔地区种植时,‘恭城水柿’作为中间砧表现较好,野柿砧木次之,君迁子砧木较差。
英文摘要:
      The effects of different rootstocks on the growth and fruit quality of ‘Youhou’ persimmon (PCNA) were investigated to select suitable rootstock-scion combinations in the low altitude area of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.‘Youhou’ persimmon was grafted onto three kinds of rootstocks as Date plum (Diospyros lotus), Silvestris persimmon (D. kaki var. silvestris) and ‘Gongcheng Shuishi’ (D. kaki Thunb.). The tree vigor, shoot composition, fruit quality and coloring of each rootstock-scion combinations were measured. The results showed that the rootstock-scion combinations of “Youhou/Gongcheng Shuishi” and “Youhou/Silvestris persimmon” have vigorous growth potential, and the proportion of medium-long shoots (20~40 cm) were 27.24% and 47.42%, the proportion of long shoots (>40 cm) were 10.82% and 14.43%, respectively. On the contrary, the rootstock-scion combination of “Youhou/Date plum” presented weaker growth vigor, and the proportion of medium and short shoots (0~20 cm) accounted for 79.40%. The average fruit individual weight and vitamin C content of “Youhou/Gongcheng Shuishi” (a and b) rootstock-scion combinations were significantly higher than those of “Youhou/Silvestris persimmon” and “Youhou/Date plum”. The average fruit individual weight (179.36 g), soluble solid content (16.84%) and coloring (orange-yellow) of “Youhou/Gongcheng Shuishi” (b) rootstock-scion combination was significantly better than those of the other combinations. As to the excellent characteristic and interaction with ‘Youhou’, ‘Gongcheng Shuishi’ was better rootstock, then followed by Silvestris persimmon, and Date plum was poor, when cultivating ‘Youhou’ PCNA persimmon in low altitude area of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭